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X-ray fluorescence painlessly measures Gd in bone

X-ray fluorescence system used to measure Gd in bone. [Credit: Paulina Rzeczkowska]

Dr. James Grafe and Zaid Keldani have been working to measure gadolinium, used as an MRI contrast agent, in bone using non-invasive X-ray fluorescense.

Read about their work done in collaboration with McMaster University researchers at

[Photo: Paulina Rzeczkowska]